One of the basic building blocks of our body, protein is the most essential nutrient which is necessary for the growth and repair of bones, muscles, cells and tissues.
After water, it is the largest component in our body that plays a crucial role in proper functioning of our living system. Not only body functions, it is also important for beautiful hair and skin, healthy eyes and nails. It also plays a vital role in repairing the loss due to daily wear and tear.
Proteins can be classified into several different categories on the basis of solubility, chemical nature and functions. They can be taken from eggs, meat, fish, whole grains, milk, spinach, legumes, soybean, oats, peanut butter, corn, quinoa, cheese, nuts, yogurt, algae, seitan, fruits, and so on.
Sometimes protein requirements can not be fulfilled by eating protein-rich foods. In such situations, bodybuilding supplements can be considered. They are the best alternative and can be consumed in isolated as well as concentrated forms. Isolated proteins are more pure than concentrated ones but they are very expensive. Depending upon your requirements, you can opt for any of them or a combination of both.
Different Types Of Protein And Their Benefits
People looking forward for building muscles and weight training need to include high amount of proteins in their diet. For this, they depend heavily on protein supplements as their requirement can not be fulfilled by just eating normal diet. They usually consume whey protein isolate, whey protein concentrate, casein protein and egg protein.
Whey Protein Isolates
Whey protein isolates are the purest form of protein and have the highest biological value. They also have immune boosting and anti-inflammatory properties. Usually consumed after workouts, they increase the levels of amino acids in the blood ultimately increasing the mass of the body. Being the richest source of amino acids, whey proteins reduce the risks of heart diseases and cancer.
Whey Protein Concentrates
Along with a high level of amino acids, whey protein concentrates also include amounts of fats. Those undergoing weight training can consider consuming them for quicker results. This type of protein has higher levels of bioactive compounds and carbohydrates. Even after having fats, they have the ability to be digested very rapidly.
Predominantly found in milk, casein protein is extremely slow-digesting protein. Having an excellent amino acid profile, it prevents daily breakdown of muscles and repairs the wear and tear caused to them. Since they take extremely long to be digested, it is best to take them before going to sleep. It takes around three to four hours in protein synthesis. Extracted from cow’s milk through ultra filtration, it is a perfect compliment to whey proteins for building muscles.
Known as the best food on the planet Earth, egg is a rich source of protein. It has a greater biological quality than any other natural food. Having all essential amino acids in the right proportions, egg proteins play a crucial role in optimum growth and maintenance of our body. It is also good for maintenance of lean and metabolically active muscle tissue. Not only it is the richest source of amino acids but also provides energy to our body.
Author: Dora Evans